Robotic surgery, also called robot-assisted surgery, is advanced technology that allows surgeons to execute complex procedures more precisely and with more control than traditional surgical methods.
For years, traditional surgeries and laparoscopies were the only options available for patients with certain medical conditions. Instead of six-to-12-inch incisions that are common in some surgeries, robotic surgery requires only small, dime-sized incisions, allowing surgeons to perform procedures more quickly and easily.
Robotic surgery offers several benefits for patients:
- Faster recovery and return to normal daily living activities
- Less blood loss, which results in fewer transfusions
- Less pain post-surgery
- Reduced scarring
- Shorter hospital stay post-surgery
- Lower risk of infection
When is robotic surgery used?
Minimally invasive surgery can be used for many types of surgery, including gynecologic, cardiovascular, urologic, colorectal and gallbladder procedures:
- Mitral valve repair
- Coronary artery bypass
- Kidney transplant
- Removal of cancerous tissue
- Gallbladder removal
- Tubal ligation
How does robotic surgery work?
From a state-of-the art computer console, a surgeon has a microscopic view of the surgical area through tiny cameras. These cameras can magnify the organs and other structures inside the body by 10x (most laparoscopic surgeries provide doctors with 4x magnification).
Looking through the camera, the surgeon is able to make precise, dime-size incisions and guide the robotic arms with attached instruments through the incisions to the surgical area. The movement of the surgeon's fingers is transmitted (via the computer console) to the instrument tips on the other robotic arms, mimicking the movements of the surgeon's hands and wrists. This gives the doctor an ambidextrous capability and great surgical precision.
As with traditional surgery, the operating team includes an assistant surgeon, anesthesiologist and operating room nurse.
Robotic surgery at HCA Houston Healthcare
Robotic-assisted surgery allows for small incisions and more control, creating access to detailed visuals while controlling robotic arms during procedures. This allows for minimally invasive procedures, offering fewer complications and a faster recovery.Learn about Robotic surgery